Earlier this week, I wrote a blog dedicated to understanding dates in Latin. This blog will be a helpful list of the most common and helpful Latin words used in baptisms, marriages and deaths in church parish records. The list is sorted alphabetically by the Latin words.
anno in the year
anno domini in the year of our lord
banni marriage bann
cognomen surname, family name
conjux husband, wife
die on the day
proclamationes marriage bann
That's the beginning of what you should need to get a basic understand of what the record states. You can find an amazing more extensive list on FamilySearch's website under Research Helps.